Basic English Grammar for SSC Banking and Railway Exams
English is a subject of language. And like any other language, there are basic rules of grammar that needs to be followed while learning any language.
To learn English, the three basic requirements are:
Know the Basic Rules of the English Grammar
Learn as much vocabulary as possible.
Practice, practice and practice.
In this course, we are going to build your concepts for a strong hold on English. And apart from that, we will provide a lot of questions for thorough practice.
It is a group of words that have meaning. Or it is a group of related words.
Example: in the corner;
On the roof;
In the room
To eat dinner
A clause is a group of related words that contains a subject and verb.
Independent clause — it is a complete sentence; can stand alone by itself.
Dependent (subordinate) clause– it expresses only a part of thought; it cannot stand alone as a sentence. It is a group of words that forms a part of a sentence and has a subject and a finite verb of its own.
How to find the type of Clause?
Clause can form a part of sentence or it could be a complete sentence in itself.
Example: Sita had a long career but she is remembered mainly for her early work.
The above sentence has 2 clauses.
Clause 1: Sita had a long career.
Clause 2: But she is remembered mainly for her early work.
Every sentence contains at least one main clause.
Main Clause: A main clause then may form a part of Complex or Compound sentences. But it also makes sense on its own.
Example: Varun was eating a hot dog.
Subordinate Clause: A subordinate clause depends on a main clause for its meaning.
**Together with main clause, a subordinate clause forms a part of a Complex sentence. **
A sentence is an independent clause that may or may not be combined with other clauses to convey a complete and sometimes complex thought. Or it is a group of words that has a definite meaning and contains a Subject and Finite verb.
Example: He is in the corner;
She is on the roof;
Father was in the room
Structure of Sentences
Compound Sentence: Two or more main clause connected using Coordinate Conjunctions.
Complex Sentence: Principal Clause is connected with one or more subordinate clause using subordinate conjunction.
How to find the ‘Subject’?
Verb + who? Will answer the Subject
How to find the ‘Object’?
Verb + What? Or Whom? Will answer the Object.
Generally, an Indirect object comes before a Direct object.
If a direct object comes before indirect object, then it is mandatory to put — ‘to’, ‘of’ or ‘for’ before Indirect object.
Types of Sentences
Subject + Verb + Object
Subject + Helping Verb + Main Verb + Object
Subject + Helping Verb + Not + Main Verb + Object
Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object?
Not before Main Verb in Negative sentences.
Example: Do you know his name?
Wh + Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object?
Wh — Wh family words.
Not before main verb
Example: Why do you not play well?
Starts with First form of Verb — Come here
Starts with Let — Let me go
Starts with Don’t — Don’t talk in the class
We won the match!
Starts with ‘May’ — Bless or Curse
May god bless you!
The subject of a sentence will Never be in a prepositional phrase.
There is a Subject and Verb on both sides of the Conjunction and Semicolon.
Direct Object: non-living
Indirect Object: Living
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