Art and Culture-Pre-Historic Rock Painting for UPSC and Banking Exam


The first discovery of rock paintings in 1867–68 by archaeologist Archibold Carlleyle.

The most common sites of pre-historic times are:

  • caves of Madhay Pardesh,
  • Uttar Pardesh
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Karnataka
  • Bihar
  • Kumaon Hills
  • Lakhudiyar in Uttarakhand(rock shelters on banks of River Suyal).

The Paintings from this times are divided into three categories:

  • Man
  • Animals
  • Geometric pattern in white, black and red ochre (found in Kupgallu, Pikhlihal, Tekkalkota).

Upper Palaeolithic Period

Bhimbetka vindhya hills, Madhya Pardesh is richest in paintings.

It was first discovered by V.S. Wakankar.

The theme of paintings has great variety includes hunting, dancing, sacred and roual images, animl fighting and other household scenes.

The rock art at Bhimbetka is divided into three periods:

  • Upper Paleolithic,
  • Mesolithic and
  • Calcolithic.

Linear representations of animals and humans in green and red are found in the caves.

Mesolithic Period

Hunting scenes dominate the paintings.

These people loved to paint animals like elephant, bison, tiger, boar, deer etc.

Animals are depicted in naturalistic style while humans are depicted in stylist manner.

Chalcolithic Period

  • The paintings reveal association, contact and mutual exchange of requirements. Pottery and metal tools are also shown. Different colors are used.
  • Hence, prehistoric paintings help us to understand about early human beings, their lifestyle, their food habits, their daily activities and above all their mind.
  • Prehistoric period remains are a great witness to the evolution of human civilization, through numerous rock weapons, tools, ceramic and bones. Hence, rock paintings are the greatest wealth the primitive human beings of this period lift behind.

Questions coming in exam related to prehistoric cultures in India hold less weightage in comparison to medieval and modern history, but you can prepare through the timeline and important events. For your preparation you can rely on various online courses and study material for your preparation. Unoreads has redefined, revolutionised and simplified the way aspirants prepare for UPSC Civil Services Exam which is blooming as the Best E learning Platform in India; now focus to help the students in giving best career guidance and government job aspirant all over India to prepare for all the leading Government Examinations. Check out the details of our subjects for IAS preparation here. Get in touch with us to get more information about best study material online, assignments, quizzes and exams.



Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store

Unoreads, the knowledgepedia, is an online e-learning platform to help the students and government job aspirant all over India.